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Majors Churn Out Cash and Give it Back to Investors

Published in Oil Industry News on Tuesday, 6 November 2018

Graphic for News Item: Majors Churn Out Cash and Give it Back to Investors

Oil companies saw soaring profits during the third quarter as they emerge worst-in-a-generation crude slump. The main takeaway is that while results are mostly above or in line with expectations, it’s getting harder to impress investors, even with large buybacks.

Here are five key themes from third quarter earnings season:


1. It’s all about the cash.

There may be no number more important to the majors’ c-suite executives than cash flow. Royal Dutch Shell in particular has made it a priority to turn itself into a well-oiled cash machine. It’s focused on getting the highest-margin bbl out of the ground, and churning money out of its liquefied natural gas trading business.

In the third quarter, the Anglo-Dutch oil major brought in its biggest cash haul in a decade, excluding working capital movements. That obliterated analyst estimates for what the company could produce. “We like the direction of travel,” said Alasdair McKinnon, lead fund manager at Shell investor Scottish Investment Trust.

2. Show me the money.

The big question from shareholders: are companies going to use all that money to pay us? The answer is yes. Most companies accelerated, or continued share repurchase programs, signaling confidence the dark days of the crude slump are gone. There were contrasts, though -- Shell is going faster than anyone, while Exxon Mobil has yet to discuss resuming buybacks.

3. Saving for a rainy day.

While oil companies may be enjoying surging cash -- and handing some of it back to investors -- almost no one has any interest in boosting capital spending, at least for now. Every major company except for Exxon pledged to keep capital expenditure at a near-decade low for the foreseeable future.

They see this as important to winning back the confidence of shareholders. The value of the companies eroded from 2014, after they found themselves locked into expensive mega-projects during a major crude price collapse.

4. Debt dilemma.

The other question from shareholders: what about debt? Having low debt means having more firepower and flexibility to do deals as well as ride out the next market downturn. Yet debt hasn’t really declined that much from a year ago, reflecting the fact that these companies have only recently started generating enough cash to cover shareholder distributions and their capital budgets again.

5. Crisis of confidence.

Even after all their hard work, investors are still uncertain of the industry’s commitment to financial discipline. Shares of oil companies in both Europe and the U.S. have lagged the gains in the crude price throughout 2018. Shell’s monster cash numbers posted Thursday didn’t prevent a sell-off. Investors were more enthusiastic about Exxon and Chevron -- both rose in New York after reporting earnings.

Even for Shell, most analysts think the discipline is real, and it will just take more quarters of consistently good delivery to see the stock price catch up.

“While quarterly volatility may be off-putting for some, even when to the upside, we think Q3 provides good evidence that Shell’s financial framework can work,” said Biraj Borkhataria, at RBC Capital Markets, in a note. “In our view the shares are materially undervalued at these levels."

Source: www.worldoil.com

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